WORKSHOP ON POLITICAL PARTIES, PUBLIC POLICY AND ISSUE COMPETITION
Centre d’études européennes, Sciences-Po, Paris
Wednesday 30th March 2011
CALL FOR PROPOSALS
Simon Persico (
), Centre d’études européennes, Sciences-Po, Paris
Caterina Froio (
), European University Institute, Florence
The Workshop on Political Parties and Issue Competition will be held on Wednesday 30th March 2011 at Sciences-Po, Paris, France.
Submissions are now closed. The preliminary program and additional information will be published shortly.
This workshop will explore the role of political parties in contemporary democracies by focusing on the interaction between party politics and public policies at both national and European levels.
The link between political parties and public policy sits at the heart of representative democratic theories. As stated by May (1978,1) representative democracies are characterized by “a continuous correspondence between government’s decisions and the will of the citizens”. By selecting representatives, aggregating preferences, devising policy proposals and implementing public policy, parties are supposed to play a key role in this process. Therefore, Western political regimes are funded on parties’ double capacity to implement the public policies for which they have been elected, and to distinguish themselves at this task.
When assessing these statements in empirical terms, many issues and doubts arise, which are closely linked to the concept of responsiveness: how can citizens’ priorities be expressed by parties? How should parties act in order to be responsive? Do party manifestos matter to government policy? Answering this question requires to analyze both the demand side (1) – what is the relationship between voters’ preferences and a party’s proposals? – and the supply side (2) of responsiveness – what is the relationship between parties’ preferences and policy outputs?.
(1) Implementing public policy is not the only goal that political parties pursue, but debate over the most desirable policies is an integral part of party competition. Parties decide to tackle some policy issues and to take a position on them. Hence, this workshop will firstly focus on the policy content of party competition: what are the dominating issues in political campaigns (Laver 2001, Klingemann et al. 2007)? Do dimensions of interparty conflict evolve through time (Mair 2000, Kriesi et al. 2006, Martin 2007)? What strategy do parties pursue when selecting and emphasizing policy issues (Saglie 1998; Blomquist and Green-Pedersen 2004; Marks et al. 2007)? Are certain issues owned by any particular party or type of parties (Green-Pedersen 2007; Meguid 2008; Hobolt and DeVries 2010)? What methodological approaches are best suited to treat these questions (Volkens 2007; Laver and Benoit 2007)?
(2) What is more, this workshop will concentrate on the partisan influence hypothesis, for which the litereature has followed three main directions so far. First of all, classical interpretations of the “partisan hypothesis” suggest that alternation in power leads to policy change. These studies are mainly based on the one side, on the analysis of the political character of public spending and the allocation of public budget (Castles 1982, Castles and McKinlay 1979, Blais, Blake and Dion 1993, 1996, Cameron 1978 Swank 1988, more recently Klingemann et al. 1994, Brown and Owen 2000, Boix 2000). Secondly, other authors show that changes in internal structures of political parties (Panebianco 1988, Katz and Mair 1994) or changes in the environment (political space) in which parties act (Inglehart 1973, 1990, Kriesi et al. 2006) lead to a weakening of partisan ideological priorities and to a weakening partisanship of policy outcomes. Thirdly, public policy perspectives argue that politics does not play any significant role in policymaking and that other factors like demographic and economic conjuncture (Cutright 1965, Wilenski 1975, Haniff 1976) or the role of bureaucracies (Heclo 1977) or external events (Baumgartner and Jones 1993) can better explain changes in policy outputs that government partisanship. This workshop aims at carrying these debates through renewing the analysis of partisan influence: at what stage of the policy process parties are more likely to impact public policy (Carmine and Stimson 1983; Baumgartner and Jones 2003; Baumgartner, Brouard and Grossman 2009)? What variables need to be taken into account when measuring the impact of parties? This is true for the choice of dependent variables (budgetary evolutions, choice of instruments…) or independent variables (party strategies, electoral cycles…)? What are the interactions between parties and other policy actors (Mulé 1997; Zittoun 2001)? How do ideas circulate between different policy arenas?
This workshop will hence gather several strands of international research in the field of political parties, party competition and party systems (Comparative Manifestos Project, European Network of Political Texts, Comparative Agendas Projects, Euromanifestos Project...) and will be inclusive of different approaches, methodologies and conceptions of the link between party politics and policies. The implications of this workshop may provide important information about the conditions leading to policy change in different polities, by focusing on the interaction between politics and the context. It also has ramifications for studies on party competition in general and on the Europeanization of party competition.
Please contact us if you have questions about any aspect of the organization of the workshop.
Paper proposals (400 words) can be submitted until Wednesday 23rd February 2011, and sent to the workshop’s promoters:
Simon Persico :
Caterina Froio :
Baumgartner (Franck), Jones (Brian), Agendas and Instability in American Politics, Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 1993.
Baumgartner (Franck), Jones (Brian), Policy Dynamics, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.
Baumgartner (Franck), Brouard (Sylvain) & Grossman (Emiliano), « Agenda-setting dynamics in France: revisiting the “partisan hypothesis” », French Politics, 7(2), 2009, 75-95.
Benoit (Kenneth), Laver (Michael), Party Policy in Modern Democracies, New-York: Routledge, 2007.
Beyme (Klaus), « Do Parties Matter? The Impact of Parties on the Key Decisions in the Political System », Government and Opposition, 19(1), 1984, 5-29.
Blais (André), « Les élections affectent-elles les politiques gouvernementales ? Le cas des dépenses publiques », Revue française de science politique, 53(6), 2003, 929-940.
Blais (André), Blake (Donald), Dion (Stéphane), « Do Parties Make a Difference? Parties and the Size of Government in Liberal Democracies », American Journal of Political Science, 37(1), 1993, 40-62.
Blais (André), Blake (Donald), Dion (Stéphane), « Do Parties Make a Difference? A Reappraisal ». American Journal of Political Science, 40(2), 1996, 514-520.
Blomqvist (Paula), Green-Pedersen (Christoffer), « Defeat at Home? Issue-Ownership and Social Democratic Support in Scandinavia », Government and Opposition, 39(4), 2004, 587-613.
Boix, (Carles) « Partisan Governments, the International Economy and Macroeconomic Policies in OECD Countries », 1964-93, World Politics 53, 2000, 38-73.
Brown (Michael), Cote (Owen), Lynn-Jones (Sean), America’s Strategic Choices :Revised edition, Cambridge : MIT press.
Budge (Ian) et al., Mapping Policy Preferences: Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments, 1945-1998, Oxford : Oxford university press, 2001.
Burstein (Paul), Linton (April), « The Impact of Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Social Movement Organizations on Public Policy: Some Recent Evidence and Theoretical Concerns », Social Forces, 81(2), 2002, 381-408.
Cameron (David R.), « The expansion of the public economy: a comparative analysis », American Political Science Review, 72, 1978, 1243-61
Carmines, (Edward G.) and Stimson, (James A.), « On the Evolution of Political Issues », in Riker (William) (ed.), Agenda Formation. Ann Arbor MI: University of Michigan Press, 1993, 151–68
Castles (Francis), The Impact of Parties : Politics and Policies in Democratic Capitalist States, London: Sage Publications, 1982.
Castles (Francis), Mckinlay, (Ronald D), « Does politics matter? » European Journal of Political Research, 31(1), 1997, 99-107.
Cutright (Philips) 1965, « Political Structure, Economic Development, and National. Social Security Programs », American Journal of Sociology, 70, 1965, 537-50.
Dye (Thomas), Politics, economics, and the public : policy outcomes in the American States, Chicago: Rand McNally, 1966.
Green-Pedersen (Christoffer), « The Growing Importance of Issue Competition: The Changing Nature of Party Competition in Western Europe ». Political Studies, 55(3), 2007, p. 607-628.
Haniff, (Gary M.), « Politics, development and social policy: A cross-national analysis », European Journal of Political Research 4(4), 1976, 361–376.
Hassenteufel (Patrick), Smith (Andy), « Essoufflement ou second souffle ? L'analyse des politiques publiques « à la française » », Revue française de science politique, 52(1), 2002, 53-73.
Heclo (Hugh), A government of strangers, executive politics in Washington, New-York: Brooking institution Bress, 1977.
Inglehart, (Ronald), The Silent Revolution : Changing Values and Political Styles among Western Publics, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973.
Inglehart, (Ronald), Culture Shift in Advanced Industrial Society, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990.
John (Peter), « The Policy Agendas Project: a Review », Journal of European Public Policy, 13(7), 2006, 975-986.
Katz, (Richard), Mair (Peter), How Parties Organize : Change and Adaptation in Party Organizations in Western Democracies. London: Sage publications, 1994.
Klingemann (Hans-Dieter), Hofferbert (Richard), Budge (Ian), Keman (Ian), Parties, Policies and Democracy. Oxford : Westview Press, 1994.
Klingemann (Hans-Dieter), Volkens (Andrea), Mapping Policy Preferences II: Estimates for Parties, Electors and Governments in Central and Eastern Europe, European Union and OECD 1990-2003, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.
Kriesi (Hanspeter), Grande (Edgar), Lachat (Romain), West European Politics in the Age of Globalization , Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Laver (Michael), Estimating the Policy Positions of Political Actors , New York: Routledge, 2001.
Mair (Peter), « The challenge to Party Government », West European Politics, 31 (1), 2008, 211-234.
Marks (Gary) et Steenbergen (Marco) (eds), European Integration and Political Conflict, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Martin (Pierre), « Comment analyser les changements dans les systèmes partisans d’Europe occidentale depuis 1945 ? », Revue internationale de politique comparée, 14(2), 2007, 263-280.
Meguid (Bonnie), Party Competition Between Unequals, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Mule (Rosa), « Explaining the Party-Policy Link: Established Approaches and Theoretical Developments », Party Politics, 3(4), 1997, 493-512.
Panebianco (Angelo), Political Parties: Organization and Power, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.
Swank (Duane H.) « The political economy of government democratic expenditure in the affluent democracies, 1960–1980 », American Journal of Political Science, 32, 1988, 1120–1150.
Volkens, (Andrea), « Strengths and weaknesses of approaches to measuring policy positions of parties », Electoral Studies 26 (1), 2007.
Wilenski, (H.L), The Welfare State and Equality: Structural and Ideological Roots of Public Expenditure. Berkeley : University of California Press, 1975.
Zittoun (Philippe), « Partis politiques et politiques du logement, échange de ressources entre dons et dettes politiques », Revue française de science politique, 51(2), 2001, 683-706.